The region is newer to the production of quality coffee, however, and Ana tells me that you often find flavors of cereals, black fruits, chocolate, and caramel, with a medium body and acidity. Aymara Food, an importer of organic coffee from Latin America, was keen to meet local producers. Global warming is a current major threat to Peru's coffee trade, with Peru rated amongst the top three nations likely to be most affected by climate change, a condition that's already seen an impact on coffee production (source: Guardian) It sits on the eastern slopes of the Andes, resulting in elevations of 900–1,200 m.a.s.l., and has a tropical and sub-tropical climate. Raking washed coffee beans to ensure they dry evenly. If you are taking the Salkantay Trek with us, we offer a homestay experience at one of the organic coffee farms on the way to Machu Picchu. “Puno has some very interesting coffees and it’s because of its unique microclimates and varieties” Miguel says. Read on to find out about our experience learning about the exciting and passionate world of an organic coffee farm like no other…. Huánuco sits northeast of Lima, on the western outskirts of the Andes, giving it an elevation of 900–2,000 m.a.s.l. And the same could be said for its coffee. The coffee plant’s traumatic journey to the Americas notwithstanding, its arrival in Peru has lead to over 120 000 small coffee farms holding at least two or three hectares of land apiece with which to grow their coffee. Visiting a coffee farm in Peru. Due to deforestation in the upper regions of Sierra Piura, the downstream coffee farms are affected by erosion and productivity decrease. Caturra, Typica, and Bourbon are the most common varieties produced here. The experience is hands on and interactive, which I loved. “They are realizing that betting on quality is something more solid.”, Discover more in A Crash Course to Coffee Varieties. These exports make Peru the ninth largest producer of coffee in the world, yet only the third largest exporter of coffee in South America. This complex coffee is grown by 15 members of the Marino family living in the Manantial zone, right at the edge of the Chinchiquilla forest, in the most mountainous region of Chirinos in northern Peru. The profiles associated with these coffees include vanilla, stone fruits, and molasses. You might also like Origin Spotlight: Exploring Ecuador’s Specialty Coffee, Washed coffee beans dry on raised beds under shade. So next time you taste a Peruvian coffee, pay attention to where it’s from. It is a long-term commitment and requires a relatively lengthy process for an exceptional result. Ana explains that this region produces coffee similar to Amazonas, but with a medium body and notes of chocolate, nuts, and caramel. Behind every product imported by Aymara Food are women, men, know-how and, above all, a desire for a job that is well done. This picture shows a coffee cup with a heart latte art design divided into sections to visualise the amount of money paid to coffee producers. Unpredictable rainfall kickstarts the flowering process, leading to differing ripening stages. Lee este artículo en español Una Guía a Los Perfiles de Las Regiones Cafetaleras de Perú, Producer Santos Casimiro Huancas Julca from Caserío El Corazón. Miguel Sanchez, Caravela Coffee’s Country Manager in Peru, tells me that most farms are around three hectares in size. It is at an altitude of 1,400 metres, on the humid and sunny slopes of Villa Rica, that Aymara Food met Pablo and Ana Gutierrez, producers of a 3 hectare plantation of Altura organic coffee. The information is as follows, price per USD/(lb): The current market price for coffee (04/05/2020) is $1.04, the Fairtrade Minimum Purchase Price is $1.40, the Fairtrade Premium is $1.60, the organic premium is $1.90, Producers Direct Investment is $2.13. South of Pasco lies the relatively large zone of Junin, where Caturra, Catimor, and Typica are grown in the provinces of Chanchamayo and Satipo. Coffee beans cannot be enjoyed without first being ground. There are distinct challenges facing Peruvian producers. It’s a particularly positive thing for Peru considering that most of their coffee is produced on small farms of no more than 3 hectares, which is about 7 and a half acres. Want to receive the latest coffee news and educational resources? To find out more about them, I spoke to the team at Caravela Coffee. This new growing area recently switched from sugar cane to coffee, to meet changing demands. See our Inca Empire Adventure for more details. The region of Cutervo is also found here, with farms at 1600–2, 100 m.a.s.l. She says coffees from here tend to have balanced acidity, good body, and notes of chocolate, caramel, and nuts. Please note: This article has been sponsored by Caravela Coffee. However, they’re slowly starting to return to quality varieties such as Typica (which is known as Nacional by local producers), Bourbon, Caturra, Pache, and a small percentage of Catuai. Ana says that coffee production is low here, but mainly due to the climate. Under The Microscope: How Do Exporters Work With Coffee Farmers? Harvest rain can significantly reduce coffee quality, lead to lost crops as cherries fall to the ground, and prevent an even drying of processed beans. With the Andes crossing the region, elevation goes from 900–2,100 m.a.s.l. Peru is the fifth largest exporter of Arabica coffee in the world. Peru coffees are grown in the high altitudes of the Andes Mountains. Bordering Huánuco, we find Pasco, a region that includes the Amazon jungle and the Andes. The good organic lots do have more of a "rustic" coffee character. Many Peruvian roads only have one lane, meaning that transporting coffee can be slow, costly, and even dangerous. The 1,200 member farmers have been growing coffee trees at an altitude of 1,200 to 1,700 metres for more than 50 years. “Many cooperatives exist but they don’t cover much of the total system.”. A few months after the coffee tree flowers, fleshy red fruits appear: coffee cherries, each containing two coffee beans. “Here in Peru, the structure is made up of mostly independent coffee farmers,” he says. How Has Covid-19 Changed Office Coffee Consumption? A report by the Association of Exporters (ADEX) notes that although coffee production increased by 6 percent in Peru between January and November of 2018, the total value of the exported goods … Miguel explains that as this becomes more widespread in Peru, farmers see it as a profitable alternative. Most of these farms are small, averaging less than two hectares (five acres) in size. The results might just surprise you. Webster Griffin, With all these challenges, sometimes coca can become an attractive alternative for producers. “Crash Testing” Coffee Hybrids’ Resistance To Adverse Growing Conditions, A Guide To Top-Working And How It Can Help Coffee Producers, Personalising The Online Coffee Experience, second-biggest agricultural export by value. However, when you taste the coffee, raisins, fruits, citrus, and florals are more likely to appear, along with a defined, intense acidity and a balanced body”. The return to these higher-quality coffees, he says, is driven by the market conditions. Most of the coffee cherries were picked in August when they were at their optimum level of maturation and sweetness. As well as being home to the world’s most famous jungle, Amazonas has seven different coffee-producing provinces. Its biggest coffee-farming provinces, Jaén and San Ignacio, sit at 900–1,950 m.a.s.l. “It’s a crop that maybe not all producers decide to cultivate, but when they see that coffee isn’t working out for them, they search for other options and find a refuge in coca, in terms of income,” Miguel tells me. Brooklands Park, Ayacucho has an elevation of 1,600–1,900 m.a.s.l., but lower productivity than other parts of Peru. “For us, our coffee trees have real personality.”». Productivity is low, but Ana tells me that the zone’s climate and soil lead to high-quality coffees with notes of “red fruits and black fruits, plums, raisins… grapes, and also pretty strong notes of chocolate, with a creamy body and medium acidity.”. Definitely saw some people staying there. Behind every product imported by Aymara Food are women, men, know-how and, above all, a desire for a job that is well done. Every year this land is visited by millions of people, some of them even decide to invest and buy a property in Peru, to settle permanently. Farningham Road, It’s also particularly famed for its specialty lots. After harvesting, the fruits are sorted according to their quality, the thin skin around the coffee beans is removed and then they too are sorted. It has ten different producing regions, all with their own unique cup profiles. Coffee is king in Peru. Year after year, our growers pour their heart and soul into their farms to produce high-quality organic products. Why We Know Less Than We Think About Coffee Production, A Guide to Peru’s Coffee-Producing Regional Profiles. in these two areas. It takes approximately 220 days to go from bud to coffee cherry The coffee cherry is ready when it’s almost purple. Sign up for our free newsletter! 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